Aerobic exercise has been ruled the best type of exercise for eliminating fat, according to a study by a group of experts from Duke University who explored the comparison between resistance training and aerobic training.
This study, published in the Journal of Applied Physiology, is the biggest randomized trial to measure revisions in body composition from three different types of exercise in overweight adults who do not have diabetes.
Aerobic exercise, commonly know as “cardio”, including running, walking, and swimming, has historically been established as a good way to lose weight. Recently, however, recommendations have pointed out that resistance training, such as weight lifting to build and perpetuate muscle mass, could also contribute to weight loss via boosting a person’s resting metabolic level.
An earlier study conducted by researchers at the University of Minnesota suggested that breast cancer survivors receive more benefits from weight training than from aerobic training. The researchers saw that strength training provided these participants with more help for their physical and emotional state than aerobic training.
Previous studies have shown health advantages for resistance training, such as improving glucose control. However, research on the effects of resistance training on fat mass have not had significant conclusions.
Leslie H. Willis, MS, an exercise physiologist at Duke Medicine and the study’s lead author explained, “Given that approximately two-thirds of adults in the United States are overweight due to excess body fat, we want to offer clear, evidence-based exercise recommendations that will truly help people lose weight and body fat.”